IMPORTANCE The emergence of new strains of influenza virus is

\n\nIMPORTANCE The emergence of new strains of influenza virus is always of great public concern, especially when the infection of a new mammalian host has the potential to result in a widespread outbreak of disease. Here we report the emergence of an avian influenza virus (H3N8) in New England selleck products harbor seals which caused an outbreak of pneumonia and contributed to a U. S. federally recognized unusual mortality event (UME). This outbreak is particularly significant, not only because of the disease it caused in seals but also because the virus

has naturally acquired mutations that are known to increase transmissibility and virulence in mammals. Monitoring the spillover and adaptation of avian viruses in mammalian species is critically important if we are to understand the factors that lead S63845 molecular weight to both epizootic and zoonotic emergence.”
“The present study set out to evaluate cross-species amplification of 34 bovid microsatellites in six central African duikers: Cephalophus callipygus, C. monticola, C. silvicultor,

C. nigrifrons, C. dorsalis and C. leucogaster. Of these loci, 16 amplified across all species and appeared polymorphic when initially tested in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Twelve of these loci were subsequently assembled into three multiplex panels of four loci each. These multiplexes successfully amplified across all six duiker species in the present study and the sympatric artiodactyls Tragelaphus spekei and Hyemoschus aquaticus. The only exception was the locus BM848 that did not amplify from C. leucogaster. For species with sufficient sample sizes (C. callipygus and C. monticola), the number of alleles ranged from three to ten and four to fifteen, ATM/ATR assay respectively. Three loci deviated from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium in C. callipygus and five in C. monticola. We attribute the latter result

to possibilities of local population sub-structuring or to an excess of homozygotes because of null alleles. These multiplex assemblies will greatly facilitate studies of individual identification, parentage analysis, population size estimation and fine-scale analyses of population genetic structure in central African artiodactyls.”
“Otorrhagia is commonly associated with cranial trauma and diving accidents. In some forensic Manuals, bleeding in the ears is anecdotally associated with strangulation. We report 2 cases of criminal strangulation with hemotyrnpanum and otorrhagia, emphasizing the importance of this sign with strangulation. We present the proposed pathophysiology of the injuries and the value of otoscopic evaluation to complete the external examination in forensic cases suspicious for strangulation.”
“Between one and seven biological control agents have been released against water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms) in at least 30 countries, with varied success.

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