The results are in excellent agreement with reported experimental data of photoluminescence and absorption. The expressions could be successfully GDC941 applied to short quantum wires. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3549151]“
“Background: Cyclosporine (CsA) and tacrolimus (Tac) in heart transplantation (HTx) have been compared but with certain drawbacks. We compared both drugs in a prospective analysis
with medium-term follow-up.
Methods: Hundred and six patients were randomized to receive CsA or Tac (53 per group). Target levels of CsA were 200-300 ng/mL in the first six months and 100-200 ng/mL thereafter. Tac levels were 10-15 and 5-10 ng/mL, respectively. We also used daclizumab as induction and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and steroids as maintenance therapy.
Results: Baseline characteristics were similar. Survival (CsA 88.7% vs. Tac 81.1%; p = 0.493) was similar. There was a tendency for longer time to first rejection with CsA (93 +/- 110 vs. 55 +/- 81 d; p = 0.122). There were more rejection-free patients with Tac (39 LSD1 inhibitor vs. 28%; p = 0.233). CsA patients suffered more viral infections (0.41 +/- 0.58 vs. 0.11 +/- 0.31; p = 0.003). CsA patients developed hypertension often
(64 vs. 43%; p = 0.032). Tac patients suffered more gastrointestinal complications (16 vs. 6%; p = 0.042). Renal function and the development of diabetes, dyslipidemia, or neurological complications was similar.
Conclusions: Tac patients showed a tendency for longer time to first rejection, and there were more rejection-free patients with Tac and suffered fewer viral infections. Tac patients
developed less hypertension and needed less drugs for its control. Renal function was similar in both groups.”
“The effect of the electrostatic Coulomb interaction on the line shape related to the intensity-dependent intersubband optical processes in a Si delta-doped quantum LY411575 manufacturer well is studied using the density matrix formalism. The electronic structure of the quantum well is calculated from the self-consistent numerical solution of the coupled Schrodinger-Poisson equations. The line shape function is considerably modified by the optical intensity and the electric and magnetic fields. Moreover, we demonstrate the existence of the optical bistability for appropriate values of the optical intensity and also the control of the optical bistability with the electric and magnetic fields. It is also found that the intersubband relaxation time plays an important role in determining the optical bistability region. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3553641]“
“Background: Early withdrawal of steroids after liver transplantation has benefits, but rarely is total avoidance of steroids used. We evaluated long-term results of patients with ab initio monotherapy with cyclosporin (CYA) vs. tacrolimus (TAC), in randomized and cohort studies.