The nearby MF is coupled to a semiconductor QD embedded in a nano

The nearby MF is coupled to a semiconductor QD embedded in a nanomechanical resonator under a strong pump laser and a weak probe laser simultaneously. The inset is an energy-level diagram of a semiconductor

QD coupled to MFs and NR. Model and theory Figure 1 presents the schematic setup that will be studied in this work. An InSb semiconductor nanowire with PKC412 manufacturer spin-orbit coupling in an external aligned parallel magnetic field B is placed on the surface of a bulk s-wave superconductor (SC). A MF pair is expected to locate at the ends of nanowire. To detect MFs, we employ a hybrid ARRY-162 chemical structure system in which an InAs semiconductor QD is embedded in a GaAs NR. By applying a strong pump laser and a weak probe laser to the QD simultaneously, one could probe the MFs via optical pump-probe technique [30, 31]. Benefitting from recent progress in nanotechnology, the quantum nature of a mechanical resonator can be revealed and manipulated in the hybrid system where a single QD is coupled to a NR [40–42]. In such a hybrid system, the QD is modeled as a two-level system consisting of the ground state |g〉 and the single exciton state |e x〉 at low temperatures [50, 51]. The Hamiltonian of the QD can be described as with the exciton frequency ω QD, where S z is the pseudospin operator. In a structure of the NR where the thickness of the beam is much smaller than its width, the lowest-energy resonance corresponds to the

fundamental flexural mode that will constitute the resonator mode [40]. We use a Hamiltonian of quantum harmonic see more oscillator with the frequency ω m and the annihilation operator b of the resonator mode to describe the eigenmode. Since the flexion induces extensions and compressions in the structure [52], this longitudinal

strain will modify the energy of the electronic states of QD through deformation potential coupling. Then the coupling between the resonator mode and the QD is described by , where η is the coupling strength between the resonator mode and QD [40]. Therefore, the Hamiltonian of the hybrid QD-NR system is . Since several experiments [15–20] have reported the distinct signatures of MFs in the hybrid semiconductor/superconductor heterostructure via electrical methods, we assure that the MFs may exist in these hybrid systems under some appropriate conditions. Based on these Methocarbamol experimental results, in the present article, we will try to demonstrate the MFs by using nonlinear optical method. As each MF is its own antiparticle, one can introduce a MF operator γ MF such that and to describe MFs. Supposing the QD couples to γ MF1, the Hamiltonian of the hybrid system [43–46] is , where S ± are the pseudospin operators. To detect the existence of MFs, it is helpful to switch from the Majorana representation to the regular fermion one via the exact transformation and . f M and are the fermion annihilation and creation operators obeying the anti-commutative relation .

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