Results Among the 2,170 participants with complete data, the prev

Results Among the 2,170 participants with complete data, the prevalence of LBP in women (32%) was higher than that in men (25%) during the study period. One-day increases in LBP days were associated with greater decreases in PCS scores among men than among women (-0.72 vs. -0.29, sex difference P < 0.001). In contrast, no relationship was noted between the number A-1155463 of LBP days and the change in MCS score for either sex after adjustment.

Conclusions Although a greater incidence of LBP was noted in women, health-related quality of life was more seriously affected in men with the same number of days with LBP

in the month.”
“An antiferromagnet-ferromagnet-antiferromagnet trilayer was grown in magnetic field using CoMn, permalloy (Py), and FeMn, respectively. Magnetometry studies show that the direction of exchange coupling of CoMn with Py was perpendicular to that of Py with FeMn. These results are explained by a spin flop in the CoMn layer and show that the spin structure of an antiferromagnet may undergo severe modification due to a relatively small magnetic field applied during its growth. The perpendicular exchange coupling was exploited in the CoMn-Py-FeMn trilayer to manipulate the easy axis of the ferromagnet.”

To quantify the impact of constipation on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Black Americans.

Methods Case-control design. Black subjects referred for colon cancer selleck products screening with a Bristol Stool Score of 3-5 for >75% of bowel movements served as controls. Frequency-matched functional constipation subjects had to fulfill Rome III criteria. Both groups BMS-754807 ic50 completed demographic and health surveys. Short Form-36 assessed HRQoL.

Results We recruited 102 constipated patients and 100 controls. The groups were well matched demographically. After

adjustment for comorbidities, SF-36 scores for vitality, bodily pain, social functioning, and role-emotional were significantly lower in constipated patients. Unadjusted physical and mental component summary scores (PCS and MCS) were significantly higher in the control group (47.1 +/- 10.6 vs. 43.3 +/- 8.6; P = 0.005 and 50.6 +/- 12.4 vs. 43.4 +/- 11.8; P < 0.001, respectively). After adjustment for comorbidities, PCS differences were no longer significant (P = 0.54); however, MCS differences were significant (P = 0.004). Marginal mean scores for the MCS for controls and constipated subjects were 49.9 +/- 1.2 and 43.6 +/- 1.2, respectively. The presence of a comorbidity was independently associated with PCS (P < 0.001) and MCS (P = 0.026) results.

Conclusions Functional constipation has a significant impact on HRQoL in middle-aged Black Americans, particularly in regard to mental well-being.”
“BaTiO3 (BTO) thin film capacitors were deposited on Ni substrate using rf magnetron sputtering.

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