chemoprevention, and treatment of the disease Available evidence

chemoprevention, and treatment of the disease. Available evidence indicates that clinical outcome of HCC could reflect the genetic predisposition to cancer development and progression. Numerous loci controlling GSK1838705A purchase HCC progression have been identified in rodents. In this review, we describe results of recent studies on effector mechanisms of susceptibility/resistance genes, responsible for HCC progression, aimed at

identifying new putative prognostic markers and therapeutic targets of this tumor. Highest c-myc amplification and overexpression, alterations of iNOS crosstalk with IKK/NF-kB and RAS/ERK signaling, ubiquitination of ERK and cell cycle inhibitors, and deregulation of FOXM1 and cell cycle key genes occur in rapidly progressing dysplastic nodules and HCC, induced in genetic susceptible rat strains, compared to the lesions of resistant rats. Notably, alterations of these mechanisms in human HCC subtypes with poorer or better prognosis, are similar to those present in genetically susceptible and resistant rats, respectively, and function as prognostic markers and therapeutic targets. Attempts to cure advanced HCC by molecular therapy directed against specific targets led to modest

survival benefit. Thus, efforts are necessary to identify and test, in pre-clinical and clinical studies, new therapeutic targets for combined molecular treatments of HCC. They may take advantage ATM Kinase Inhibitor from the comparative analysis of signal transduction in HCCs differently prone to progress, in rats and humans. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Temperature-dependent photoluminescence (PL) measurements are carried out on lattice-matched and compressively strained Ga(x)In(1-x)P/(Al(0.66)Ga(0).(34))(y)In(1-y)P quantum wells (QWs) with CuPt-type long-range (LR) ordering. Experimental data show that compressive strain and substrate misorientation of the

QWs affect the degree of LR ordering. The compressive strain competes with the misorientation of 6 off toward CBL0137 concentration [111](A) (denoted as 6 degrees A) significantly. It not only affects the distribution of domains with different degree of LR ordering in the x-y plane but also introduces fluctuation of the degree of LR ordering along the z direction of the QWs, which in turn causes the splitting of PL peaks. A phenomenological model is proposed to account for the experimental phenomena based on the principle of minimum total free energy. The results suggest that 6 degrees A misorientation should not be preferable for compressively strained Ga(x)In(1-x)P QWs with LR ordering. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3525586]“
“Metastatic melanoma is a highly lethal cancer that has historically been refractory to all tested pharmacological agents. An understanding of the mechanisms responsible for its oncogenesis is critical for developing successful therapies.

“To compare two-dimensional ultrasonography (2D US) and th

“To compare two-dimensional ultrasonography (2D US) and three-dimensional

ultrasonography (3D US) in the assessment of normal fetal lung volume.

A cross-sectional study was performed involving 50 normal pregnancies at 24-32 weeks’ gestation. The following equations were used for lung volume calculation by 2D US: Eq(2D1) = 4.24 + , and Eq(2D2) = [anteroposterior diameter (X) x transverse diameter (Y) x cranial-caudal diameter (Z) of the right lung x 0.152 + (X') x (Y') x (Z') of the left lung x 0.167]. For 3D US, the virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL) method was used with a 30A degrees rotation angle and the total lung volume (V3D) was obtained by summing the volumes of each lung. Regression models (R (2)) were devised to assess lung volume evolution VX-680 in vivo over the course of the pregnancy. Pearson’s correlation coefficient (r) was used to assess correlation among the techniques, while Friedman’s test was used for means comparisons.

Strong correlation was observed among the three techniques [V3D vs. Eq(2D2) r = 0.856; V3D vs. Eq(2D1) r = 0.838 and Eq(2D2) vs. Eq(2D1) r = 0.964; all with P < 0.001]. Mean lung volumes were 37.05 +/- A 9.67, 29.79 +/- A 8.79 and 12.67 +/- A 4.12 ml for V3D, Eq(2D1) and Eq(2D2), respectively (P < 0.001).

Strong correlation and significant difference was observed among the three techniques of fetal

lung volume assessment in normal fetuses.”
“The purpose of this study is to estimate the prevalence of faecal incontinence after first vaginal delivery and to assess the impact of Thierry’s spatulas-assisted delivery.

A prospective observational study of primiparas who underwent a vaginal delivery at term was conducted. Faecal incontinence was assessed at 2 and 6 months postpartum

by a questionnaire (Wexner score a parts per thousand yen5 was considered significant). Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.

Five hundred thirty-eight women were recruited with undergoing 176 spatulas-assisted deliveries and 362 ARN-509 in vivo spontaneous vaginal deliveries. The response rate was 85.9% (2 months) and 80.5% (6 months). The prevalence of faecal incontinence was similar between the two groups at 2 months (14.3% and 9.7%). Episiotomy (odds ratio [OR] = 5.0) and maternal age over 35 years (OR = 4.1) were independently associated with faecal incontinence after adjustment.

Anal symptoms are common after the first vaginal delivery. Thierry’s spatulas do not increase the prevalence of faecal incontinence after delivery given that an episiotomy is performed.”
“P>Genome-wide association studies rely upon segregating natural genetic variation, particularly the patterns of polymorphism and correlation between adjacent markers. To facilitate association studies in the model legume Medicago truncatula, we present a genome-scale polymorphism scan using existing Affymetrix microarrays.

This also suggests that the majority of the major venous injuries

This also suggests that the majority of the major venous injuries were repaired by the spinal surgeon PI3K inhibitor (10/14, 71 %). Our results are comparable to other studies and support the notion that anterior access surgery to the lumbar spine can be performed safely by spinal surgeons. With adequate training, spinal surgeons are capable of performing this approach without direct vascular support, but they should be available if required.”
“Chrysomal and globerin complexes containing antibiotics from polyether and heptaene aromatic

macrolide groups have been isolated from the mycelium of Streptomyces chrysomallus R-21 and Streptomyces globisporus L-242 strains, respectively. Physicochemical characteristics of these complexes have been

investigated, including UV and NMR spectra, chromatographic parameters, etc. The fungicidal and antiviral activity of the studied complexes has been demonstrated on tomato plants. The obtained data allow us to consider the above-mentioned antibiotics to be original preparations.”
“We performed a retrospective analysis of all cases of lumbo-sacral or sacral metastases presenting with compression of the cauda equina who underwent urgent surgery at our institution. Our objective was to report our experience on the clinical presentation, management and finally the surgical outcome of this cohort of patients.

We reviewed medical notes and images of all patients with compression of the cauda equina as a result of lumbo-sacral or sacral metastases during the study period (2004-2011). The collected clinical data consisted of time of onset of symptoms, neurology (Frankel grade), ambulatory status and continence. Operative data analysed were details of surgical procedure and complications. Post-operatively, we reviewed neurological outcome, ambulation, continence, destination of discharge and survival.

During the 8-year study period, 20 patients [11 males, 9 females; mean age 61.8 years (29-87)] had received urgent surgery for metastatic spinal cauda compression caused buy Anlotinib by lumbo-sacral

or sacral metastases. The majority of patients presented with symptoms of pain and neurological deterioration (n = 14) with onset of pain considerably longer than neurology symptoms [197 days (3-1,825) vs. 46 days (1-540)]; all patients were Frankel C (n = 2, both non-ambulatory), D (n = 13) or E (n = 5) at presentation and three patients were incontinent of urine. Operative procedures performed were posterior decompression with (out) fusion (n = 12), posterior decompression with sacroplasty (n = 1), decompression with lumbo-pelvic stabilisation with (out) kyphoplasty/sacroplasty (n = 7) and posterior decompression/reconstruction with anterior corpectomy/stabilisation (n = 2). Post-operatively, 5/20 (20 %) patients improved one Frankel grade, 1/20 (5 %) improved two grades, 13/20 (65 %) remained stable (8 D, 5 E) and 1/20 (5 %) deteriorated.

Data were analyzed by using analysis of variance and the Wilcoxon

Data were analyzed by using analysis of variance and the Wilcoxon signed rank test.

Results: CTDI vol values were 16.8, 12.6, 8.4, and 4.2 mGy for 200, 150, 100, and 50 mAs, respectively (P < .001). Subjective noise was graded as below average at 150 mAs and average at 100 and 50 mAs for ASIR images, as compared with FBP images, on which noise was graded as average at 150 mAs, above average at 100 mAs, and unacceptable at 50 mAs. A substantial blotchy image appearance was noted in four of 22 image series selleck chemical acquired at 4.2 mGy with 70% ASIR. Lesion conspicuity was significantly better at 4.2 mGy on ASIR than on FBP images (observed

P < .044), and overall diagnostic confidence changed from unacceptable on FBP to acceptable on ASIR images.

Conclusion: ASIR lowers noise and improves diagnostic confidence in and conspicuity of subtle abdominal lesions at 8.4 mGy when images are reconstructed with 30% ASIR blending and at 4.2 mGy in patients weighing 90 kg or less when images are reconstructed

with 50% or 70% ASIR blending. (C) RSNA, 2010″
“Pseudotumor is an uncommon but severe complication in patients with hemophilia. To our knowledge, although China has large population of persons with hemophilia, there is rare information on the incidence, clinical feature, image finding, and management of pseudotumor among Chinese patients. This study aimed at improving our knowledge on clinical diagnosis and management of hemophiliac pseudotumor. In this retrospective study, the medical records of 1248 patients with hemophilia diagnosed between January 1983 and October 2004 at our hospital were reviewed. The clinical feature, imaging finding, management, Buparlisib research buy and outcome of 14 patients with pseudotumor among these patients with hemophilia were analyzed. All patients have hemophilia A (8 severe cases and 6 moderate cases). Eight patients sustained an injury selleck chemicals llc prior to the development of pseudotumor. Main image findings included osteolysis lesion, soft tissue swelling, or lump. Surgical therapy was carried out in 7 patients and 6 achieved remission, with fistula formation remaining in 1. One

patient underwent radiotherapy together with replacement therapy achieved remission. Three patients accepted replacement therapy as only management and only 1 patient achieved improvement of swelling. Our study showed that the incidence of pseudotumor in our enrolled patients with hemophilia is 1.12%. Hemophilic history of patients can contribute to the right diagnosis of pseudotumor. Surgical therapy together with sufficient replacement therapy is safe and effective.”
“Purpose: To define the differential imaging features of pancreatobiliary- and intestinal-type ampullary carcinomas at magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to correlate these features with pathologic findings.

Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board; informed consent was waived.


ANATOMY: Five systems are described: the sup


ANATOMY: Five systems are described: the superficial veins of the sole, the deep veins of the sole (with particular attention to the lateral plantar vein), the superficial dorsal plexus, the marginal veins and the dorsal arch and the perforating system. The Foot Pump: The physiology of venous return is briefly described, with an emphasis on the differences between standing and walking and the interplay of the foot and calf venous systems.


The hypothesis that the foot and calf venous systems may be in conflict in several clinical conditions (localization of leg ulcers, corona phlebectatica, foot vein dilatation, arteriovenous fistulas of the foot, foot-free bandaging)

is presented, briefly discussed, and mechanistically interpreted.


Foot venous return could be more important than is commonly thought. Certain clinical conditions could MCC-950 be explained by a conflict between the mechanisms of the GSK923295 manufacturer foot pump and the leg pumps most proximal to the foot, rather than by generic pump insufficiency, with possible effects on treatment and compression strategies.”
“Oncoplastic surgery combines the principles of surgical oncology with those of plastic and reconstructive surgery. The intent is to use established techniques from each field in order to provide adequate tumor resection without compromise while optimizing aesthetic outcomes. This patient-centered

approach requires a multidisciplinary preoperative evaluation in order to devise a comprehensive surgical plan and coordinate adjuvant treatment as needed. This article provides a historical perspective as well as insight into various creative techniques for breast

cancer surgery.”
“Cross chop is a modified horizontal chop technique that enables safe and efficient lens disassembly without torquing the lens within the capsular bag. J Cataract Refract Surg 2009; 35:1335-1337 (C) PFTα inhibitor 2009 ASCRS and ESCRS”

The prevalence of surgical site infection (SSI) is low with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS). It has not been determined whether sterile gloves (SG) or nonsterile gloves (NSG) should be used for resection and reconstruction during MMS.


To compare the SSI rate with the use of SG and NSG for MMS, including reconstruction, and to determine whether SG help prevent SSI.

Materials & Methods

Data were collected and recorded for Mohs cases in which SG or NSG were used. Infected cases and SSI rate for SG and NSG were also recorded. Chi-square analysis was performed to compare SSI.


There were 1,004 tumors in 942 patients in the SG group and 1,021 tumors in 941 patients in the NSG group. The prevalence of infection was 0.50% in the SG group and 0.49% in the NSG group (p=.82). The cost of gloves was $5.66 for one SG case and $1.63 for one NSG case.


The prevalence of infection with SG and NSG was almost identical. The cost to use SG was 3.5 times as great as for NSG.

Contrast sensitivity and patient satisfaction were comparable bet

Contrast sensitivity and patient satisfaction were comparable between the 2 methods.”
“Background: Psychosocial functioning is poor in patients with pectus excavatum (PE). However, a comprehensive understanding of this issue does not exist. The aim of this study was to assess the severity of psychosocial problems

as associated with PE, as well as to identify its risk factors.

Methods: A comparative study was performed at the Sichuan HDAC assay Academy of Medical Sciences/Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital in Chengdu, China. Patients age 6 to 16 who admitted to the outpatient department for the evaluation or treatment for PE were included in the study. In addition to parental reports of child psychosocial problems on the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), parents also filled in other structured questionnaires, including socio-demographic variables, patients’ medical and psychological characteristics. The severity of malformation was assessed by CT scan. For comparison, an age-and gender-matched control group was recruited from CX-6258 concentration the general population. The socio-demographic and scores on CBCL were compared between patients and control subjects. Univariate and multivariate

analysis were performed to examine risk factors for psychosocial problems in patients.

Results: No statistically significant differences were found with respect to social-demographic variables between children with PE and control subjects. Compared with control subjects, children with PE displayed higher prevalence of psychosocial

problems in the different scales of the CBCL questionnaire such as ‘withdraw’, ‘anxious-depressed’, ‘social problems’ and ‘total problems’. Both univariate and multivariate analyses Cell Cycle inhibitor suggested that age, severity of malformation, and being teased about PE were significantly associated with patients’ psychosocial problems.

Conclusions: The information derived from this study supports the opinion that children with PE have more psychosocial problems than children from the general population. Multiple medical and psychosocial factors were associated with patients’ impairment of psychosocial functioning.”
“A chiral stationary phase (CSP) with poly[styrene-b-cellulose 2,3-bis(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate)] was synthesized by the surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) of cellulose 2,3-bis(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate)-6-acrylate after the SI-ATRP of styrene on the surface of silicon dioxide supports in pyridine. The successful preparation of the CSP with poly[styrene-b-cellulose 2,3-bis(3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate)] was confirmed via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and thermal analysis.

A randomised trial has suggested that a single 75 mg dose of Clop

A randomised trial has suggested that a single 75 mg dose of Clopidogrel (administered the night before surgery in addition to daily 75 mg Aspirin) significantly reduces post-CEA embolisation. We hypothesized that this model of dual antiplatelet therapy might significantly reduce the need for adjuvant Dextran therapy.

Methods: Retrospective audit of prospectively acquired data in 297 patients undergoing CEA between 01.08.2006 and 30.07.2009. All received routine Aspirin (75 mg daily) in addition to a single 75 mg dose BEZ235 mouse of Clopidogrel the night before surgery. All underwent completion angioscopy and those with a temporal window (n = 270) underwent intra- and post-operative

TCD monitoring.

Results: High rate embolisation requiring Dextran (>25 emboli in any 10 min period) occurred in only

1/270 patients (0.4%), significantly less than the 3.2% rate in historical controls where Clopidogrel was not administered. There were no pen-operative deaths, but 3/297 patients suffered non-disabling strokes (intra-operative extension of a pre-existing deficit, haemorrhage into lentiform nucleus after hypertensive crisis, contralateral embolic stroke). The overall 30-day death/stroke rate (1.0%) was not-significantly lower than the 2.6% rate observed in the preceding 821 patients.

Conclusions: 75 mg Clopidogrel administered the night before surgery (in addition to daily 75 mg Aspirin) was associated with a significant reduction in post-operative embolisation and Dextran utilisation. No ipsilateral thromboembolic ischaemic events selleck chemical occurred in this series. As a consequence of this audit, one dose of 75 mg Clopidogrel will continue to be given pre-operatively (in addition to daily 75 mg Aspirin) and routine post-operative TCD monitoring has now ceased. (C) 2010 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“AimsThis paper examines the strategies and arguments used

by segments of the alcohol industry to delay the introduction of mandatory health warning labels SNS-032 ic50 on alcohol containers in Australia. These strategies are compared with those used by the tobacco industry to delay the introduction of warning labels for cigarettes.

MethodsSubmissions made by members of the alcohol industry to the Australian Government’s review of labelling and Parliamentary Inquiry into Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders were analysed.

ResultsSegments of the alcohol industry have delayed the introduction of mandatory alcohol health warning labels in Australia by questioning the rationale and evidence base for labels; arguing that they will cause damage to public health and the economy; lobbying and seeking to influence government and political representatives including through monetary donations; and introducing its own voluntary labelling scheme.

Thus, further study on compounds isolated from PBEAE is warranted

Thus, further study on compounds isolated from PBEAE is warranted to investigate the associated molecular mechanisms and identify the potential therapeutic targets.”
“Aims: To determine the availability of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) treatment in the UK and to assess the magnitude of the shortfall in terms

of patient treatments. In addition, the availability of image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) was also reviewed.

Materials and methods: A survey was carried out between July and September 2008 of the use of advanced technology in radiotherapy.

Results: In total, 50 centres responded out of the 58 National Health Service centres canvassed, representing about 89% of patients treated in the UK. Forty-six centres had at least two machines capable of check details IMRT and 26 centres had at least one machine capable of IGRT. Thirty-two centres were carrying out forward-planned IMRT and 18 centres were carrying out the more complex inverse-planned IMRT. In all, 38 centres (76% of respondents) were offering either forward- or inverse-planned IMRT to some of their patients. All the centres with IGRT capability were using IGRT for at least some of their patients.

Respondent’s were asked to list the total number of radical and palliative patients being treated according to the treatment site. Forty-two per cent of respondents took the option to list the total number of radical and palliative patients only. Based on these data, 10.7% of radical patients are currently being given forward-planned IMRT, mainly for breast cancer (18.6% of such patients) and 2.2% of radical patients

are being given BLZ945 molecular weight inverse-planned IMRT, mainly for prostate (7.5% of such patients) and head and neck cancer (6.7% of such patients). Whereas at present only 18 centres are able to treat with inverse-planned IMRT, 45 centres expected to be able to do so by 2010. Respondents were asked to estimate the percentage of patients who should be given IMRT for each site and this was used to estimate the shortfall in IMRT provision.

Conclusions: Based on the consensus of opinion, 32% of radically treated patients should receive inverse-planned Selleck JNK-IN-8 IMRT and 22% forward-planned IMRT, making a total of 55%. In fact, 2% receive inverse-planned IMRT and 11% the less complex forward-planned IMRT. Thus, with an estimated 75 948 radical treatments being carried out with megavoltage radiotherapy, the professional opinion is that 41 421 of patients would benefit from treatment with IMRT. In fact, only 9775 were so treated in 2008; a shortfall of 32 497 patients treated instead with conventional radiotherapy. (C) 2010 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“This article reviews recent low-temperature magnetotransport measurements on two-dimensional electron systems (2DESs) formed at in situ cleaved InAs(110) surfaces by deposition of other materials.

However, the role of BM-MSCs on repairing skin appendages in rene

However, the role of BM-MSCs on repairing skin appendages in renewal tissues is incompletely explored. Moreover, learn more most preclinical studies suggest that the therapeutic effects afforded by BM-MSCs transplantation are short-lived and relatively unstable.

Objective: To assess whether engrafted bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells via a delivery system can participate in cutaneous wound healing and sweat-gland repair in mice.

Methods: For safe and effective delivery of BM-MSCs to wounds, epidermal growth factor (EGF) microspheres were firstly developed to both support cells and maintain appropriate stimuli, then cell-seeded microspheres were incorporated with biomimetic scaffolds and thus fabricated

an engineered skin construct with epithelial differentiation and proliferative potential. The applied efficacy was examined by implanting them

into excisional wounds on both back and paws of hind legs in mice.

Results: After 3 weeks, BM-MSC-engineered skin (EGF loaded) treated wounds exhibited accelerated healing with increased re-epithelialization rates and less skin contraction. Furthermore, histological and immunofluorescence staining analysis revealed sweat glands-like structures became more apparent in BM-MSC-engineered skin (EGF loaded) treated wounds but the number of implanted BM-MSCs were decreased gradually in later phases of healing progression.

Conclusions: Rapamycin cost Copanlisib price Our study suggests that BM-MSCs

delivered by this EGF microspheres-based engineered skin model may be a promising strategy to repair sweat glands and improve cutaneous wound healing after injury and success in this study might provide a potential benefit for BM-MSCs administration clinically. (C) 2012 Japanese Society for Investigative Dermatology. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Subdural electrodes are frequently used to aid in the neurophysiological assessment of patients with intractable seizures. We review their use for localizing cortical regions supporting movement, sensation, and language. (C) 2010 Published by Elsevier Inc.”
“Children account for an appreciable proportion of total imported malaria cases, yet few studies have quantified these cases. identified trends, or suggested evidence-based prevention strategies for this group of travelers. We therefore sought to identify numbers of cases and deaths, Plasmodium species, place of malaria acquisition, preventive measures used, and national origin of malaria in children. We analyzed retrospective data from Australia, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the United States and data provided by the United Nations World Tourism Organization. During 1992-2002, > 17,000 cases of imported malaria in children were reported in 11 countries where malaria is not endemic; most (> 70%) had been acquired in Africa.

“Purpose of review

To review the concept of fun

“Purpose of review

To review the concept of functional foods and to summarize recent evidence on functional foods and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk.

Recent findings

Recent studies have examined the use of antioxidant vitamins and found no support for a beneficial effect on CVD risk, lipid levels

or blood pressure. The evolving selleck compound data also provide little support for a cardioprotective effect of soy protein. The role of soluble fiber in cardiovascular health has been of interest for many years and new studies support important beneficial effects on lipids as well as total CVD risk. In addition, the benefits of fish intake and nut consumption have been recently affirmed. Two promising areas of investigation from a functional food perspective are studies of phytosterols and milk-derived tripeptides. Plant stanol esters have been shown to have strong lipid-lowering effects, whereas milk-derived tripeptides directly benefited blood pressure.


The functional food market has grown exponentially in recent years. Our understanding of the health benefits of foods selleck kinase inhibitor and nutrients is continually evolving. Careful attention to the strength of the

scientific evidence will help to ensure that it is used appropriately to guide the development of the next generation of health-promoting functional foods.”
“Challenging access situations continue to arise in endovascular aneurysm repair, despite evolving arterial access techniques. We report a modified access approach, where an ascending aortic conduit was successfully used for antegrade delivery of a thoracic endograft to repair a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm, in a patient with previous surgical ligation of the infra-renal aorta. (C) 2010 European Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Background: Oral-systemic etiologies solely or disproportionally affect women’s health; however, little communication between and among disciplines occurs.

Methods: To bridge this

NU7441 ic50 gap, an innovative conference, “”Transforming Women’s Health: Discovery, Development, and Delivery,” was held in Tampa, Florida. The conference aimed to address complex oral-systemic women’s health issues by bringing together researchers, providers, and policy experts in dentistry, medicine, nursing, public health, and allied health professions. The program was structured by three organizational themes: (a) discovery (i.e., oral-systemic research specific to women’s health issues); (b) development (i.e., translation of oral-systemic research to practice); and (c) delivery (i.e., collaborative practice).

Results: Issues discussed during conference proceedings include oral-system health in children, pregnant women, and older women, and cardiovascular disease and human papillomavirus (HPV) as oral-systemic health issues.